Produced out of steel, galvanized steel, or stainless steel, vessel and land shipping of tanks have gone on for centuries. The metals‘ conductivity and tendency to corrode leave them very vulnerable to the elements, making proper insulation and protection wrap a top priority. With the precise conditions required to store specialized goods in the modern world, this is easier said than done.
A transported or stored tank often contains:
- fermentation liquids
- septic tank
- tankless water heater
- header tank on a ship
- heated attic water tanks
- types of machinery
- cryogenic elements
As heat rises in a tank so does the pressure. Temperature swings and vapors landing on tanks make them expand and contract, causing loss of the liquid inside. Furthermore, heat losses also release carbon emissions which and other contaminants into the environment. Goods inside tanks have to be safeguarded from freezing, solar radiation, or kept at a certain temperature to prevent added production expenses. Still others are a fire or explosion hazard and necessitate an extra layer to not harm surrounding people and goods.
Being as it is the most adhesive and highest R-value material, polyurethane closed-cell spray foam insulation is the main material used for tank and pipe insulation. It starts off as half liquid, consisting of two materials – isocyanate and polyol resin. To save money, composites of other materials such as fiberglass and cellulose are also added as layers in a combined jacket. These materials cannot be used on their own as they allow water inside the insulation as they are not as airtight as polyurethane.
The right concentration of each and the thickness of the closed cell foam shot out of sprayer is what creates the designated temperature. Added to all this is foil as the inner and outer layer to protect from the heat.
Panels consisting of a jacket of these materials crafted by a professional company are then snapped in place and sealed against any impact of water, wind, and corrosion. They can choose a standard jacket combined with other layers of materials with another layer of metal on the outside or select among customized options that are then installed on the tank as a service. Oil tanks use a floating roof that prevents 80% of evaporation. Otherwise, lots of value deteriorates that must be kept hot.
Perform a calculation to gain a picture of how much it would cost in your case. Gain an estimate and punch into a calculator how much the cost will be overall. Then make a decision as to whether it suits your expenses.